True Persian Legacy
An Inheritance Weaved from a Great Empire
There is not much knowledge about the world’s first knotted rugs, their periods and weaving places and what exists, is more guess and assumption. In reversed researching of development and progress path of Rug and Kilim weaving techniques, such a useful craft, we find out that only reason for creation of this craft has been an answer to the need of people of desert, who lived in tents.
In the past, European researchers, based on their relatively reliable evidences, believed that Egyptian and Assyrian civilizations have been the cradle of world’s rug weaving. There is no doubt, that the quality of first types of rugs have been similar to felt or primitive textile products. But, since there is no sample of first rugs, because of their poor quality, none of assumptions, theories and deductions of historians and researchers have been able to propose an exact period of time for the first precious human woven piece.
There is no doubt, that even Iranians can’t claim to have produced the first hand-made rugs, but the evidences specially finding rug named “Pazirik” proves the great role of Iranians in creating this valuable art. Iranian Rug’s history is still a mystery. These mysteries generally exist, also in other Iranian arts and crafts, but not as much as in weaving history. After discoveries of archeologists, especially Rodenko the famous Russian archeologist, who discovered a knotted rug among the icebergs in the first half of recent century, the whole assumptions changed totally. Location of weaving craft changed from Nile coasts and Dajleh and Forat Rivers to Central Asia.
In 1949, in a place called “Pazirik” (80 km to Mongolia border, among Altai mountains), professor Rodenko discovered a knotted rug in the frozen graves of people, who lived in tents in desert, that originally was a horse-trapping. This rug belongs to 2500 years ago and is 2*1.8 Sq. m with 3600 knots in sq. dm, which is woven in copper-brown and light green colors. It’s margin images are doubtlessly very similar to common shapes in Achamenian period and Persepolis’ images. In central ground of this rug, there are four-winged star shapes, which are exactly the same as ones on discovered objects in Lorestan.
There are different opinions about the historical record of this important rug, which is kept in Hermitage museum in Leningrad. Professor Rodenko believes, that this rug has been woven in Medes or old Parthain’s time. Like Rodenko, Dimand also believes that since Assyrian, Achamenian and Sakai images are used in this rug, therefore it has originated from Iran.
“Ulrich Sehurmann” goes further and believes that this rug is woven in Azerbaijan. While, “Ian Bennett” believes, that regarding a distance more than 3500 km from Altai Mountains to boarder lines of present Iran, it is improbable for this rug to be woven by Iranian weavers.